Menorrhagia is a type of abnormal uterine bleeding that is characterized by prolonged and heavy menstrual bleeding. Sometimes, the bleeding may be relentless and severe enough to interrupt the daily activities. Other types of dysfunctional or abnormal uterine bleeding include: postmenopausal bleeding, metrorrhagia, oligomenorrhea, and polymenorrhea. If you have bleeding so heavy and abnormal that you dread your menstrual period and have menorrhagia symptoms, you should see your doctor. He will give you the best menorrhagia treatments.
There are many causes for menorrhagia, including uterine fibroids; use of blood thinners; polyps (they occur in the reproductive age of women as a result of high hormone levels); ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage; cervical, ovarian, and uterine cancer (they are rare, but still possible causes for menorrhagia). Hormonal imbalance, especially in progesterone and estrogen, happens often to teenage girls who recently began their menstrual periods and older women who are close to menopause. Hormonal imbalance can also occur if a girl has a problem with ovaries’ function, and that causes heavy menstrual bleeding. Other causes of heavy menstrual periods are: adenomyosis (thickening of the uterus that occurs when endometrial glands that lines the uterus moves into the outer uterus muscles); Intrauterine device (IUD) – when this is the cause of abnormal heavy bleeding, you will probably need to remove it; and certain medications (some anticoagulants and anti-inflammatory medications may contribute to prolonged or heavy menstrual bleeding). Other medical conditions such as thyroid, kidney and liver disease, and platelet or bleeding disorders may cause menorrhagia.
Menorrhagia symptoms and diagnosis
In general, the menstrual bleeding is considered abnormal when a woman is required to change tampons and pads every hour. In addition, the menstrual bleeding is considered prolonged when the menstrual period lasts longer than one week in duration. Menorrhagia symptoms may include bleeding or spotting during pregnancy, and bleeding or spotting between menstrual periods. However, each woman may experience menorrhagia symptoms differently. These symptoms may resemble to other medical problems. You must consult your doctor for a diagnosis. The diagnosis begins with pelvic examination, and the doctor may order other diagnostic procedures like blood tests; ultrasound (sonography); Pap test (microscopic examination of the cervix cells to detect some changes that might lead to cancer); biopsy (tissue samples will be removed for microscopic examination in order to determine whether cancer cells are present).
If you are experiencing heavy and abnormal menstrual bleeding, you must consult your health care provider to determine the cause. Menorrhagia treatment will depend on the causes. The medication Menorrhagia treatment may include: hormone therapy in order to correct the hormonal imbalance; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen to help you with pain and reduce the blood loss; or lysteda medication. Depending on your history and the menorrhagia cause, your doctor might recommend a surgical procedure, like dilation and curettage – a surgery that consists of scraping the cavity of the uterus and widening the canal of the cervix; hysteroscopy – a procedure in which a thin and long scope is inserted through the vagina and the cervix into the uterus, so that the doctor can remove the fibroids or other growths that cause the bleeding; ablation or endometrial resection – a procedure in which the uterus lining is destroyed (after this procedure, the woman won’t be able to stay pregnant); hysterectomy – a procedure in which the uterus and the cervix are removed. Keep in mind that seeking medical help is the only course of action that should be done if a woman is experiencing menorrhagia or other reproductive health symptoms.