Painful and unusually heavy menstrual bleeding is often accompanied with blood clots. Heavy menstrual bleeding clots can occur as a side effect of various gynecological conditions which cause blockage of the menstrual flood flow. It can really be scary when you pass a bug clot of blood while menstruating heavily, but for the most part, that is not considered to necessarily indicate a trouble. However, if you experience that regularly and the menstrual bleeding is too heavy, you need to see a doctor in order to find the possible primary medical condition and treat it properly. During the heavy menstrual bleeding clots, heavy menstrual bleeding with clots, women experience gelatinous, thick pieces of coagulated blood in the menstrual flood. These clots form when there is faster accumulation of blood in the uterus, due to changes in the hormones or within the uterus.
Causes of blood clots in heavy menstrual bleeding
Usually, heavy menstrual bleeding with clots is accompanied with other symptoms, such as a menstrual cycle that lasts more than 35 or less than 28 days, bleeding longer than seven days, bleeding after sexual intercourse, spotting, bleeding between two periods or post-menopause bleeding. Uterine fibroids are a common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding clots. They are small growths attached to the lining of the uterus. Estrogen fuels the growth of the uterine fibroids without a known cause. When that growth becomes excessive, it causes heavy bleeding accompanied with clots. Usually, this happens to women over the age of thirty and it is a condition that can be treated with birth control pills. Another cause of heavy menstrual blood flow with clots is the polycystic ovary syndrome which causes variations in the cycle that can result with hair loss, ovarian cysts, hair growth with make patterns and blood clots. This condition is treated with metformin, birth control pills or progesterone pills. Adenomyosis and endometriosis also cause blood clots during heavy menstrual discharge.
Complications of clotting and heavy menstrual discharge
Chronic and excessively heavy menstrual bleeding with clots can be one of the potential causes of anemia. If you experience shortness of breath, focusing issues, headaches, fatigue, light-headedness or dizziness and chest pain, you should have a blood test done. If you leave anemia untreated, it may cause serious complications. As soon as your blood returns to normal values, you will notice improvements in the menstrual cycle. Painful menstrual cramps or dysmenorrhea can occur as a common complication that accompanies blood clots during heavy menstrual bleeding. That pain is often severe enough to require prescription pain reliever, but in serious cases even surgery may be required.
Treatment of heavy bleeding with menstrual blood clots
Passing heavy menstrual bleeding clots can be normal. The frequency, length and amount of menstrual bleeding vary individually and some women experience heavy blood flow often. However, if you notice that your period is abnormally heavy and it doesn’t seem normal like usual, you need to consult your doctor in order to determine the underlying problem. Some women benefit from anti-inflammatory non-steroidal over-the-counter medications like naproxen and ibuprofen. If you take such medication just before the beginning and throughout your period, it will reduce the formation of menstrual blood clots. However, these drugs are known to have long-term side effects in some patients, which means that you must consult your doctor before you take them for this purpose. Hormone patches, injections and birth control pills can also be effective for reducing the problem of heavy menstrual bleeding accompanied with blood clots. Each case is individual and your gynecologist will determine the underlying issue and necessary treatment for your specific case.